White Papers

We have compiled a list below of relevant White Papers that are free to download.

MIRRORING FUTURES: MCX VERSUS FRMCS

Of all the many disciplines covered under the Railway Systems umbrella, none has evolved so dramatically, and so rapidly, over the two and half decades as has railway mission-critical telecommunications systems. This white paper explores the relationship between two mobile radio standards (MCX and FRMCS), their differences and similarities, potential migration paths between them and the extent at which the 5G roadmap will impact either of them.

Real-world cyber security challenges in rail systems

There are international standards and guides that define how to build a cyber security capability. These documents cover a wide range of topics and can be eye-opening for organisations to realise that cyber security is not limited to technical controls. People and processes are also part of the equation. But what are the real-world challenges that organisations face to implement and maintain a cyber security capability?

LATEST INSIGHTS: ETCS L2 AND CBTC OVER LTE

An update to one of our most popular white papers, this paper provides the latest insights measuring the postulates presented in 2013 against the tangible technology advancements of the past five years to draw a picture of the current state of affairs in the rail communications space.

Converging parallels between automated vehicles and driverless trains

What do driverless trains and automated vehicles have in common? More than you might think. In this White Paper, our Practice Director, Rodrigo Alvarez, and PTA’s Michael Crocker explore the scenario that many of the future challenges facing the AV industry have already been largely experienced by the railway industry

CBTC over Wi-Fi: Gathering Clouds

This paper was presented at AusRail 2015 held in Melbourne and examined the requirements that a radio data transmission network must meet to serve as the train-to-wayside radio bearer for a Communications-Based Train Control (CBTC)…

Defining the CBTC over LTE Interface: Riding the Wave

This paper examines the requirements that a radio data transmission network needs to meet to serve as the train-to-wayside radio bearer for a Communications-Based…

ETCS L2 and CBTC over LTE: Convergence of the radio layer in advanced Train Control Systems

This paper was presented at the IRSE (Institution of Railway Signal Engineers) technical meeting held over 19 & 20 October 2013 in Perth and explores the role of LTE in solving the current challenges faced by Advanced Train Control Systems in…

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